The Prime Directive

Introduction to Seven Basic Doctrines of Hebrews 6:1-2


Introduction to Seven Basic Doctrines of Hebrews 6:1-2

We have begun a review of the lessons covered last year. Enclosed is a list of the topics that were covered. Anyone wanting a copy of any of these lessons, please let us know. Repetition is one of the best ways to learn. This is one reason that the Set Apart Days are repeated year after year. Though I have been keeping these Days for over 40 years, the review of all of these subjects has increased my understanding as I am sure it will increase yours as we revisit these topics.

I will cover each Set Apart Day in their proper sequence as they arrive. I will also supplement these topics with other topics as they are requested or I see a need arise. I am also thinking of a topic about Satan called “Know Your Enemy.

This Sabbath’s Lesson is nine pages so it will probably take 2 Sabbaths to cover it. Every Sabbath, we have had some kind of technical or electrical problem. Please pray for a problem free Sabbath and for others to join us.


The Seven Basic Doctrines are: Repentance from dead works, Faith toward YAH, Baptism, Laying on of Hands, Going on to Perfection, Eternal Judgment, and the Resurrection of the Dead.

We have all studied the Set Apart Days and their meanings. We have kept the Passover, the Night to be Much Remembered, the First Day of Unleavened Bread and we will soon be observing the Last Day of Unleavened Bread. As many of you have commented, the actual observation of the Days brings a much deeper understanding and vision of YAH’s plan of Salvation for all mankind.

The basic doctrines reveal the conversion process that gives the power and understanding that actually bring about the real fulfillment of the Set Apart Days.

As we have discovered in previous studies, what mainstream Christianity teaches is very different than what the truth of Scripture reveals and so it will be with the seven Basic Doctrines. The world doesn’t understand what they really need to repent of, or what kind of Faith is needed for Salvation, or the correct biblical way to be baptized and receive His Set Apart Spirit as it is not generally taught or practiced.

The first Doctrine is: What is Repentance From Dead Works/What is Real Repentance?
Repentance means to change. In this case, a change of one’s heart and mind from sin to putting sin out; from evil to doing good. Examples of Dead Works are found in:

Galatians 5:19-21 – Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness,

20 Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies,

21 Envying’s, murders, drunkenness, retellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of EL.

Ephesians 2:1-5 

Ephesians 2:1 And you hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins;

2 Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience:

3 Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others.

4 But Elohim, who is rich in mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved us,

5 Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Messiah, (by favor ye are saved;) Sinful practices are called dead works. Dead works are any sinful practices that would lead us to spiritual death rather than eternal life.

See Proverbs 21:16 below.

Proverbs 21:16 – The man that wandereth out of the way of understanding shall remain in the congregation of the dead.
Real repentance is when a miracle occurs that gives Spiritual Sightedness for a person to see and understand themselves and repent of the things they previously didn’t even understand were sin.   Real repentance comes from YAH.

Romans 2:4 – Or despisest thou the riches of his goodness and forbearance and longsuffering; not knowing that the goodness of Elohim leadeth thee to repentance?

Many people are not even aware or know when the process of real repentance begins. It starts with our calling.

John 6:44, 65 – No man can come to me, except the Father which hath sent me draw him: and I will raise him up at the last day. Vs 65 – And he said, Therefore said I unto you, that no man can come unto me, except it were given unto him of my Father.
The power of the Set Apart Spirit begins to work with our minds to teach and convict us of sin.

John 14:17 – Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth it not, neither knoweth it: but ye know it; for it dwelleth with you, and shall be in you.

When we are ready for baptism the Spirit will then be in us by the laying on of hands after immersion for our sins. Verse 17 says it is the spirit of truth which the world can not receive. It is only those whom the Father is calling and granting repentance to that are able to receive His Spirit.

Matthew 13:10, 15-16 – And the disciples came, and said unto him, Why speakest thou unto them in parables?

Vs 15-16 – For this people’s heart is waxed gross, and their ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes they have closed; lest at any time they should see with their eyes and hear with their ears, and should understand with their heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them.

16 But blessed are your eyes, for they see: and your ears, for they hear.

We are given eyes to see, ears to hear and a heart that can understand and turn from sin and be converted and be healed spiritually. This is the miracle of a real repentant heart.

II Corinthians 7:10 – For (godly) sorrow worketh repentance to salvation not to be repented of: but the sorrow of the world worketh death.

Real repentance is when the Set Apart Spirit convicts us of truth in such a way that we are truly pricked in our hearts.

Acts 2:36-38 – Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that Elohim hath made the same Yahshua, whom ye have crucified, both Adonai and Messiah.

37 Now when they heard this, they were pricked in their heart, and said unto Peter and to the rest of the apostles, Men and brethren, what shall we do?

38 Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Yahshua Messiah for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Set Apart Spirit.

Verse 36 says we have all crucified Yahshua. He had to die for even our smallest sins.

Romans 6:23 says the wages of sin is death. Unless a person really repents and is baptized, they have the death penalty hanging over their heads.

How does one really feel who is being brought to true repentance?

Job 42:1-6 – Then Job answered YAH, and said,

2 I know that thou canst do every thing, and that no thought can be withholden from thee.

3 Who is he that hideth counsel without knowledge? therefore have I uttered that I understood not; things too wonderful for me, which I knew not.

4 Hear, I beseech thee, and I will speak: I will demand of thee, and declare thou unto me.

5 I have heard of thee by the hearing of the ear: but now mine eye seeth thee.

6 Wherefore I abhor myself, and repent in dust and ashes.

Job 1:8 – And YAH said unto Satan, Hast thou considered my servant Job, that there is none like him in the earth, a perfect and an upright man, one that feareth Elohim, and escheweth evil?

In Job 1:8, even YAH said of Job – he was perfect and upright. This was from an outward, physical appearance. Yet Job, in his heart, was not right with YAH. He needed to be humbled to see himself in comparison to his Creator. He could not see his own self-righteousness. In verses 5 and 6 it took a great humbling for Job to become spiritually sighted enough to see how Great YAH was and how insignificant he was.

Mathew 19:16-17 – And, behold, one came and said unto him, Good Master, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life?

17 And he said unto him, Why callest thou me good? there is none good but one, that is, Elohim: but if thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments.

When one called Yahshua good he said only one was good – יהוה .
Worldly repentance, as taught by the churches of this world, teaches one need only believe to receive eternal life. Yahshua said if we are to enter into life, we should keep the commandments. This includes the Sabbath Day.

Exodus 31:13 – Speak thou also unto the children of Israel, saying, Verily my Sabbaths ye shall keep: for it is a sign between me and you throughout your generations; that ye may know that I am YAH that doth sanctify you.

The Sabbath sign is to identify יהוה true covenant people. We are sanctified by it as well which means we are set apart to be Set Apart as He is Set Apart.

I Peter 1:15-16 – But as he which hath called you is Set Apart, so be ye Set Apart in all manner of conversation;

16 Because it is written, Be ye Set Apart; for I am Set Apart.

We have a special calling for a special purpose.

I Peter 2:9 – But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvelous light

Those who have not really repented of breaking the Sabbath, not keeping the Set Apart Days and have participated in pagan worship like Christmas, Easter and Halloween and other pagan celebrations and the traditions of men are worshipping Yahshua in vain.

Mathew 15:9 – But in vain they do worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men.

Mathew 7:21-23 – Not everyone that saith unto me, Master, Master, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven.

22 Many will say to me in that day, Master, Master, have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name have cast out devils? and in thy name done many wonderful works?

23 And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you: depart from me, ye that work iniquity. (Iniquity means lawlessness)

This means all those who teach the law is done away.
One must now ask themselves – “Have I really repented of these things?” “Am I truly sorry for breaking His commandments?” In the past, did I really understand what real repentance was? Now that I am willing to repent of the past, what do I do now?

Luke 3:8 – Bring forth therefore fruits worthy of repentance, and begin not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham to our father: for I say unto you, That Elohim is able of these stones to raise up children unto Abraham.

Repentance and putting sin out of our lives is a life-long part of the conversion process.

Next we will study faith towards YAH and Baptism. Baptism is a covenant or contractual relationship with our Savior. The terms and conditions of that contract we will cover in detail in the next lesson. In brief though, when we meet the condition of “fruit meet for repentance” that is real repentance as a qualifying pre-requisite for baptism. He then, promises to give us the gift of the Set Apart Spirit – to convert us and blot out our sins.

Acts 3:19 – Repent ye therefore, and be converted, that your sins may be blotted out, when the times of refreshing shall come from the presence of יהוה .

Also because we have repented properly and are willing to surrender our lives and obey him, He promises the gift of the Set Apart Spirit.

Acts 5:32 – And we are his witnesses of these things; and so is also the Set Apart Spirit, whom Elohim hath given to them that obey him.

This study is a beginning study on repentance and will help lay a foundation of repentance from dead works.
Here are some additional scriptures for your study on repentance, both old and new Covenant.


The following is a scriptural reference for the subject of repentance. It will be of immense help to all of us.

Please notice that even when taken captive that YAH will influence their enemies to have compassion upon them

I Kings 8:46-51, 60-61 – If they sin against thee, (for there is no man that sinneth not,) and thou be angry with them, and deliver them to the enemy, so that they carry them away captives unto the land of the enemy, far or near;

47 Yet if they shall bethink themselves in the land whither they were carried captives, and repent, and make supplication unto thee in the land of them that carried them captives, saying, We have sinned, and have done perversely, we have committed wickedness;

48 And so return unto thee with all their heart, and with all their soul, in the land of their enemies, which led them away captive, and pray unto thee toward their land, which thou gavest unto their fathers, the city which thou hast chosen, and the house which I have built for thy name:

49 Then hear thou their prayer and their supplication in heaven thy dwelling place, and maintain their cause,

50 And forgive thy people that have sinned against thee, and all their transgressions wherein they have transgressed against thee, and give them compassion before them who carried them captive, that they may have compassion on them:

51 For they be thy people, and thine inheritance, which thou broughtest forth out of Egypt, from the midst of the furnace of iron: Vs 60-61 – That all the people of the earth may know that YAH is Elohim, and that there is none else.

61 Let your heart therefore be perfect with YAH our Elohim, to walk in his statutes, and to keep his commandments, as at this day.

Job 42:5-6 – I have heard of thee by the hearing of the ear: but now mine eye seeth thee.

6 Wherefore I abhor myself, and repent in dust and ashes.

Jeremiah 8:5-6 – Why then is this people of Jerusalem slidden back by a perpetual backsliding? they hold fast deceit, they refuse to return.

6 I hearkened and heard, but they spake not aright: no man repented him of his wickedness, saying, What have I done? every one turned to his course, as the horse rusheth into the battle.

Ezekiel 14:5-11 – That I may take the house of Israel in their own heart, because they are all estranged from me through their idols.

6.Therefore say unto the house of Israel, Thus saith YAH; Repent, and turn yourselves from your idols; and turn away your faces from all your abominations.

7 For every one of the house of Israel, or of the stranger that sojourneth in Israel, which separateth himself from me, and setteth up his idols in his heart, and putteth the stumbling block of his iniquity before his face, and cometh to a prophet to enquire of him concerning me; I YAH will answer him by myself:

8 And I will set my face against that man, and will make him a sign and a proverb, and I will cut him off from the midst of my people; and ye shall know that I am YAH.

9 And if the prophet be deceived when he hath spoken a thing, I YAH have deceived that prophet, and I will stretch out my hand upon him, and will destroy him from the midst of my people Israel.

10 And they shall bear the punishment of their iniquity: the punishment of the prophet shall be even as the punishment of him that seeketh unto him;

11 That the house of Israel may go no more astray from me, neither be polluted any more with all their transgressions; but that they may be my people, and I may be their Elohim, saith YAH.

Ezekiel 18:30-32 – Therefore I will judge you, O house of Israel, every one according to his ways, saith YAH. Repent, and turn yourselves from all your transgressions; so iniquity shall not be your ruin.

31 Cast away from you all your transgressions, whereby ye have transgressed; and make you a new heart and a new spirit: for why will ye die, O house of Israel?

32 For I have no pleasure in the death of him that dieth, saith YAH: wherefore turn yourselves, and live ye.

Joel 2 :12-14 – Therefore also now, saith YAH, turn ye even to me with all your heart, and with fasting, and with weeping, and with mourning:

13 And rend your heart, and not your garments, and turn unto יהוה your Elohim: for he is gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and repenteth him of the evil.

14 Who knoweth if he will return and repent, and leave a blessing behind him; even a meat offering and a drink offering unto YAH your Elohim?

Mathew 3:1-2, 8 , 11 – In those days came John the Baptist, preaching in the wilderness of Judaea, And saying, Repent ye: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.

Vs 8 – Bring forth therefore fruits meet for repentance:

Vs 11 – I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance: but he that cometh after me is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear: he shall baptize you with the Set Apart Spirit, and with fire

Mathew 4:17 – From that time Yahshua began to preach, and to say, Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.

Mathew 9:12-13 – But when Yahshua heard that, he said unto them, They that be whole need not a physician, but they that are sick.

13 But go ye and learn what that meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice: for I am not come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.

Mathew 11:20 – Then began he to upbraid the cities wherein most of his mighty works were done, because they repented not:

Mathew 12:41 – The men of Nineveh shall rise in judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: because they repented at the preaching of Jonas; and, behold, a greater than Jonas is here

Mathew 21:32 – The men of Nineveh shall rise in judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: because they repented at the preaching of Jonas; and, behold, a greater than Jonas is here

Mark 1:4, 15 – John did baptize in the wilderness, and preach the baptism of repentance for the remission of sins.

Vs 15 – And saying, The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of EL is at hand: repent ye, and believe the gospel.

Mark 2:17 – When Yahshua heard it, he saith unto them, They that are whole have no need of the physician, but they that are sick: I came not to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.

Mark 6:12 – And they went out, and preached that men should repent.

Luke 3:8 – Bring forth therefore fruits worthy of repentance, and begin not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham to our father: for I say unto you, That Elohim is able of these stones to raise up children unto Abraham.

Luke 5:32 – I came not to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.

Luke 13:1-3 – There were present at that season some that told him of the Galilean’s, whose blood Pilate had mingled with their sacrifices.

2 And Yahshua answering said unto them, Suppose ye that these Galileans were sinners above all the Galileans, because they suffered such things?

3 I tell you, Nay: but, except ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish.

Luke 15:7, 10 – I say unto you, that likewise joy shall be in heaven over one sinner that repenteth, more than over ninety and nine just persons, which need no repentance.

Vs 10 – Likewise, I say unto you, there is joy in the presence of the angels of Elohim over one sinner that repenteth.

Luke 17:3-4 – Take heed to yourselves: If thy brother trespass against thee, rebuke him; and if he repent, forgive him.

4 And if he trespass against thee seven times in a day, and seven times in a day turn again to thee, saying, I repent; thou shalt forgive him.

Luke 24:47 – And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.

Acts 2:38-39 – Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Yahshua Messiah for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Set Apart Spirit.

39 For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as YAH our Elohim shall call.

Acts 3:19 – Repent ye therefore, and be converted, that your sins may be blotted out, when the times of refreshing shall come from the presence of YAH.

Acts 5:30-32 – The Elohim of our fathers raised up Yahshua, whom ye slew and hanged on a tree.

31 Him hath Elohim exalted with his right hand to be a Prince and a Saviour, for to give repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins.

32 And we are his witnesses of these things; and so is also the Holy Spirit, whom Elohim hath given to them that obey him.

Acts 11:18 – When they heard these things, they held their peace, and glorified Elohim, saying, Then hath EL also to the Gentiles granted repentance unto life.

Acts 13:24 – When John had first preached before His coming the baptism of repentance to all the people of Israel. (This was John the Baptist who preached prior to Yahshua’s coming)

Acts 17:30-31 – And the times of this ignorance Elohim winked at; but now commandeth all men everywhere to repent:

31 Because He hath appointed a day, in the which He will judge the world in righteousness by that man whom he hath ordained; whereof he hath given assurance unto all men, in that he hath raised him from the dead.

Acts 19:1-6 – And it came to pass, that, while Apollos was at Corinth, Paul having passed through the upper coasts came to Ephesus: and finding certain disciples,

2 He said unto them, Have ye received the Set Apart Spirit since ye believed? And they said unto him, We have not so much as heard whether there be any Set Apart Spirit.

3 And he said unto them, Unto what then were ye baptized? And they said, Unto John’s baptism.

4 Then said Paul, John verily baptized with the baptism of repentance, saying unto the people, that they should believe on him which should come after him, that is, on Messiah Yahshua.

5 When they heard this, they were baptized in the name of Yahshua.

6 And when Paul had laid his hands upon them, the Set Apart Spirit came on them; and they spake with tongues, and prophesied.

Acts 26:20 – But shewed first unto them of Damascus, and at Jerusalem, and throughout all the coasts of Judaea, and then to the Gentiles, that they should repent and turn to Elohim, and do works meet for repentance.

Romans 2:4 – Or despisest thou the riches of his goodness and forbearance and longsuffering; not knowing that the goodness of Elohim leadeth thee to repentance?

Romans 11:29 – For the gifts and calling of Elohim are without repentance.

II Corinthians 7:9-11 – Now I rejoice, not that ye were made sorry, but that ye sorrowed to repentance: for ye were made sorry after a godly manner, that ye might receive damage by us in nothing.

10 For godly sorrow worketh repentance to salvation not to be repented of: but the sorrow of the world worketh death.

11 For behold this selfsame thing, that ye sorrowed after a godly sort, what carefulness it wrought in you, yea, what clearing of yourselves, yea, what indignation, yea, what fear, yea, what vehement desire, yea, what zeal, yea, what revenge! In all things ye have approved yourselves to be clear in this matter. (Please notice this scripture gives you what the correct type of (Godly) sorrow is all about and how a person should feel during the repentance process)

II Tim 2:25-26 – In meekness instructing those that oppose themselves; if Elohim peradventure will give them repentance to the acknowledging of the truth;

26 And that they may recover themselves out of the snare of the devil, who are taken captive by him at his will.

Hebrews 6:4-6 – For it is impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted of the heavenly gift, and were made partakers of the Set Apart Spirit,

5 And have tasted the good word of Elohim, and the powers of the world to come,

6 If they shall fall away, to renew them again unto repentance; seeing they crucify to themselves the Son of Elohim afresh, and put him to an open shame.

II Peter 3:9 – YAH is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; but is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance.

Revelation 2:5, 16, – Remember therefore from whence thou art fallen, and repent, and do the first works; or else I will come unto thee quickly, and will remove thy candlestick out of his place, except thou repent.

Vs 16 – Repent; or else I will come unto thee quickly, and will fight against them with the sword of my mouth.

Revelation 3:3, 19 – Remember therefore how thou hast received and heard, and hold fast, and repent. If therefore thou shalt not watch, I will come on thee as a thief, and thou shalt not know what hour I will come upon thee. Vs 19 – As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten: be zealous therefore, and repent.

Exodus 10:16 Pharaoh then called for Mosheh and Aharon in haste, and said, “I have sinned against יהוה your Elohim and against you.

Exodus 10:17 And now, please forgive my sin only this once, and pray to יהוה your Elohim, that He would only turn away this death from me.”

Exodus 10:18 And he went out from Pharaoh and prayed to יהוה.

Exodus 10:19 And יהוה turned a very strong west wind, which took the locusts away and blew them into the Sea of Reeds. Not one locust was left within all the border of Mitsrayim.

Numbers 16:26 And he spoke to the congregation, saying, “Please turn away from the tents of these wrong men! Do not touch whatever belongs to them, lest you be consumed in all their sins.”

Numbers 16:30 But if YAH creates what is unheard of, and the earth opens its mouth and swallows them up with all that belongs to them, and they go down alive into the grave, then you shall know that these men have scorned יהוה.”

Numbers 16:31 And it came to be, as he ended speaking all these words, that the ground under them split apart,

Numbers 16:32 and the earth opened its mouth and swallowed them up, with their households and all the men with Qoraḥ, with all their goods.

Numbers 32:14 And see, you have risen in your father’s place, an increase of men, sinners, to add still more the burning displeasure of יהוה against Yisra’ĕl.

Numbers 32:15 For if you turn away from following Him, He shall once again leave them in the wilderness, and you shall destroy all these people.”

Deuteronomy 4:8 And what great nation is there that has such laws and righteous right-rulings like all this Torah which I set before you this day?

Deuteronomy 4:9 Only, guard yourself, and guard your life diligently, lest you forget the Words your eyes have seen, and lest they turn aside from your heart all the days of your life. And you shall make them known to your children and your grandchildren.

Deuteronomy4:10 The day when you stood before יהוה your Elohim in Ḥorĕḇ, יהוה said to me, ‘Assemble the people to Me and I make them hear My Words, so that they learn to fear Me all the days they live on the earth and teach them to their children.’

Deuteronomy 11:26 See, I am setting before you today a blessing and a curse:

Deuteronomy 11:27 the blessing, when you obey the commands of יהוה your Elohim which I command you today;

Deuteronomy 11:28 and the curse, if you do not obey the commands of יהוה your Elohim, but turn aside from the way which I command you today, to go after other mighty ones which you have not known.

Deuteronomy 17:11 Do according to the Torah in which they teach you, according to the right-ruling which they say to you. You do not turn to the right or to the left from the word which they declare to you.

Deuteronomy 17:12 And the man who acts arrogantly, so as not to listen to the priest who stands to serve there before יהוה your Elohim, or to the judge, that man shall die. So you shall purge the evil from Yisra’ĕl.

Deuteronomy 23:14 For יהוה your Elohim walks in the midst of your camp, to deliver you and give your enemies over to you. Therefore your camp shall be set-apart, so that He does not see unclean matter among you, and shall turn away from you.

Deuteronomy 28:14 And do not turn aside from any of the Words which I am commanding you today, right or left, to go after other mighty ones to serve them.

Deuteronomy 28:15 And it shall be, if you do not obey the voice of יהוה your Elohim, to guard to do all His commands and His laws which I command you today, that all these curses shall come upon you and overtake you:

Deuteronomy 30:3 then יהוה your Elohim shall turn back your captivity, and shall have compassion on you, and He shall turn back and gather you from all the peoples where יהוה your Elohim has scattered you.

Deuteronomy 30:4 If any of you are driven out to the farthest parts under the heavens, from there יהוה your Elohim does gather you, and from there He does take you.

Deuteronomy 30:5 And יהוה your Elohim shall bring you to the land which your fathers possessed, and you shall possess it. And He shall do good to you, and increase you more than your fathers.

Deuteronomy 30:6 And YAH your Elohim shall circumcise your heart and the heart of your seed, to love יהוה your Elohim with all your heart and with all your being, so that you might live,

Deuteronomy 31:29 For I know that after my death you shall do very corruptly and turn aside from the way which I have commanded you. And evil shall come to you in the latter days, because you do what is evil in the eyes of יהוה, to provoke Him through the work of your hands.”

Joshua 1:5 No man is going to stand before you all the days of your life. As I was with Mosheh, so I am with you. I do not fail you nor forsake you.

Joshua 1:6 Be strong and courageous, for you are to let this people inherit the land which I swore to their fathers to give them.

Joshua 1:7 Only be strong and very courageous, to guard to do according to all the Torah which Mosheh My servant commanded you. Do not turn from it right or left, so that you act wisely
wherever you go.

Joshua 1:8 Do not let this Book of the Torah depart from your mouth, but you shall meditate on it day and night, so that you guard to do according to all that is written in it. For then you shall make your way prosperous, and act wisely.

Joshua 1:9 Have I not commanded you? Be strong and courageous. Do not be afraid, nor be discouraged, for יהוה your Elohim is with you wherever you go.

Joshua 7:12 And the sons of Yisra’ĕl shall not be able to stand before their enemies. They are going to turn their backs before their enemies, for they have become accursed. I am not with you any more, unless you destroy that which is under the ban from your midst

Joshua 7:15 And it shall be that he who is taken with that which is under the ban is burned with fire, he and all that he has, because he has transgressed the covenant of יהוה, and because he has
committed wickedness in Yisra’ĕl.’

Joshua 23:6 And you shall be very strong to guard and to do all that is written in the Book of the Torah

Joshua 23:6 And you shall be very strong to guard and to do all that is written in the Book of the Torah of Mosheh, so as not to turn aside from it right or left, of Mosheh, so as not to turn aside from it right or left,

Joshua 23:11 And you shall diligently guard yourselves, to love יהוה your Elohim

Joshua 23:12 But if you do turn back at all, and cling to the remnant of these nations, these that remain among you, and intermarry with them, and go in to them and they to you,

Joshua 23:13 know for certain that יהוה your Elohim shall no longer drive these nations out from before you. And they shall be snares and traps to you, and a whip on your sides and thorns in your eyes,

Judges 2:18 And when יהוה raised up rulers for them, יהוה was with the ruler and saved them from the hand of their enemies all the days of the ruler, for יהוה had compassion on their groaning because of those who oppressed them and crushed them.

Judges 2:19 And it came to be, when the ruler was dead, that they would turn back and do more corruptly than their fathers, to go after other mighty ones, to serve them and bow down to them. They did not refrain from their practices and from their stubborn way.

Judges 2:20 And the displeasure of יהוה burned against Yisra’ĕl, and He said, “Because this nation has transgressed My covenant that I commanded their fathers, and has not obeyed My voice,

Judges 2:21 I also shall no longer drive out before them any of the nations which Yehoshua left when he died,

Judges 2:22 in order to try1 Yisra’ĕl by them, whether they would guard the way of יהוה, to walk in them their fathers guarded them, or not until you perish from this good land which יהוה your Elohim has given you.

Judges 2:23 So יהוה left those nations, without driving them out at once, and did not give them into the hand of Yehoshua.

I Samuel 12:24 Only fear יהוה, and you shall serve Him in truth with all your heart, for consider what marvels He has done for you.

I Samuel 12:25 But if you persist in doing evil, both you and your sovereign are consumed.”

I Samuel 12:19 And all the people said to Shemu’ĕl, “Pray for your servants to יהוה your Elohim, that we do not die, for we have added to all our sins this evil of asking for ourselves a sovereign.”
I Samuel 12:20 And Shemu’ĕl said to the people, “Do not fear. You have done all this evil. Only, do not turn aside from following יהוה. And you shall serve יהוה with all your heart,

I Samuel 12:21 and do not turn aside after worthless matters which do not profit or deliver, for they are worthless.

I Samuel 12:22 For יהוה would not cast away His people, for His great Name’s sake, seeing it has pleased יהוה to make you His people.

I Samuel 12:23 Also, as for me, far be it from me that I should sin against Yahweh in ceasing to pray for you, but I shall teach you the good and straight way.

David’s sin of murdering Uriyah was pre-meditated. David was forgiven, however there was a price to pay. He chose to fall into the hands of YAH and would have to live with the sword in his house.

Read Psalm 51 which was his prayer of repentance. His sin, which was repented of, gives us all hope for the forgiveness of our sins.

I Samuel 11:15 And he wrote in the letter, saying, “Set Uriyah in the front of the heaviest battle, and you shall turn away from him, and he shall be smitten and shall die.”

I Samuel 11:16 And it came to be, as Yo’aḇ watched the city, that he appointed Uriyah to the place where he knew there were brave men.

I Samuel 11:17 And the men of the city came out and fought with Yo’aḇ. And some of the people of the servants of Dawiḏ fell. And Uriyah the Ḥittite also died.

I Samuel 11:18 And Yo’aḇ sent and reported to Dawiḏ all the events of the battle,


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Mark 3:17  And James the son of Zebedee, and John the brother of James; and he surnamed them Boanerges, which is, The sons of thunder:

Acts 21:18  And the day following Paul went in with us unto James; and all the elders were present.





Leviticus 23:28 And ye shall do no work in that same day: for it is a day of atonement, to make an atonement for you before YAH your Elohim.

Numbers 5:8 if the man have no kinsman to recompense the trespass unto, let the trespass be recompensed unto the Messiah, even to the priest; beside the ram of the atonement, whereby an atonement shall be made for him.


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As we begin our second lesson on Replacement Theology, we all need to realize that this whole world has been deceived by Satan. What does that mean to us personally? It is one thing to be told a lie, and an entirely different thing to live a lie, especially if our eyes have been opened to the truth. Those who reject truth and the author of truth will find themselves in danger of the judgment.

John 17:17 Sanctify them through thy truth: thy word is truth.

We should all be very grateful for the truth and be diligently trying to be obedient to it. One of the great lies of Replacement Theology is we only need grace to save us, yet if we don’t strive to keep the law the best we can, Paul says we will not enter the Kingdom of Yahweh.

Galatians 5:19 Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness,

Galatians 5:20 Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies,

Galatians 5:21 Envying’s, murders, drunkenness, raveling’s, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of Yahweh.

As I listen to people talk about what they believe, it is obvious they have never really studied very hard for themselves, but are all too willing to believe what other people tell them is the truth.

Five years ago, after I left the “corporate church”, I decided to start all over again with a series of bible studies that I have been sharing with all of you. I have tried to make these studies void of past “church culture” and influence and just stick with what scripture says on any given subject. This has been a great blessing for Vicki and myself. It has proven to be a great refinement, much like bringing a telescope into a better focus. The clearer our spiritual sightedness is, the better equipped we are to deal with the even greater deceptions that lie just ahead.

There seems to be a lot of confusion even among Torah, Sabbath, Set Apart Day Keepers about what is the State of the Dead and the reward of the saved. In this lesson we will cover the following:

  • What is Heaven?

  • Where is Heaven?

  • Are the Saved in Heaven?

  • What is the Kingdom of Yahweh?

  • Where is the Kingdom of Yahweh?

  • What is the State of the Dead?

  • Where Are the Dead?

  • Is there an Ever-Burning Hell?

  • Will we be Spirit or Physical in the Kingdom?

Before we begin, let’s review the basic rules of Bible Study. The Scriptures interprets Scripture. One Scripture does not make a doctrine. It is the preponderance of clear, easy to understand scriptures that we should rely on for doctrines. The hard-to-understand scriptures can be misleading or poorly translated. Some scriptures have been added or changed to fit Catholic or Protestant doctrines. It is not hard to search these out in the historic record.

We will begin by defining these basic topics and then go to the verses using them to better understand their meanings.

Heaven represents a very real place, but does that mean that it is the reward of the saved?

Strong’s #8064 samayim – heavens, heaven, sky. Old Covenant Definition.

First, samayim is the usual Hebrew word for the “sky” and the realm of the sky.” This realm is where birds fly. Deuteronomy 4:17 …the likeness of any winged fowl that flieth in the air, Absalom’s hair was caught in the branches of a tree, 2 Samuel 18:9 …and his head caught hold of the oak, and he was taken up between the heaven and the earth; and the mule that was under him went away. 1 Chronicles 21:16 And David lifted up his eyes, and saw the angel of Yahweh stand between the earth and the heaven,

Second, samayim – this word represents an area farther removed from the earth’s surface. From this area comes such things as frost. Job 38:29 Out of whose womb came the ice? and of the hoary frost heaven, who hath gendered it. Snow – Isaiah 55:10 For as the rain cometh down, and the snow from heaven, and returneth not thither, but watereth the earth, and maketh it bring forth and bud, that it may give seed to the sower, and bread to the eater: Hail – Joshua 10:11 And it came to pass, as they fled from before Israel, and were in the going down to Bethhoron, that Yahweh cast down great stones from heaven upon them unto Azekah, and they died: they were more which died with hailstones than they whom the children of Israel slew with the sword.

Third, samayim – also represents the realm in which the sun, moon, and stars are located: Genesis 1:14 And Yahweh said, let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years:

Fourth, samayim – the phrase heaven and earth may denote the entire creation. Genesis 1:1 In the beginning Yahweh created the heaven and the earth.

Fifth, samayim – heaven is the dwelling place of Yahweh. Psalm 2:4 He that sitteth in the heavens shall laugh: the Messiah shall have them in derision. Deuteronomy 4:39 Know therefore this day, and consider it in thine heart, that Yahweh he is Elohim in heaven above, and upon the earth beneath: there is none else. Another expression representing the dwelling place of Yahweh is the highest heaven (literally the heaven of heavens). This does not indicate height, but an absolute – i.e. His abode is a unique realm not to be identified with the physical creation: Deuteronomy 10:14 Behold, the heaven and the heaven of heavens is the Yahweh’s thy Elohim , the earth also, with all that therein is.

Please note that in this long definition, there is no mention of any humans in heaven or heaven being the reward of the saved.

A brief summary of this long definition is heaven represents 5 different locations:

1. Where the birds fly.
2. The firmament just above the first heaven.
3. The realm of space where the planets and stars exist.
4. The general expression for heaven and earth.
5. The dwelling place of Yahweh and His throne.

New Covenant definition: Strong’s #3772 – Ouranos – heaven, sky, air, means the all-embracing heaven beneath which is the earth and all that is therein. Where the fowl of the air fly, clouds are suspended, the rain is formed, the sun moon and stars are placed.

2. The residence of Elohim is called “the holy heavens” where the angels are (Mark 13:27), from whence Yahshua descended – where after His resurrection He sits at the right hand of the Majesty on high, and appears in the presence of Yahweh on our behalf.

3. The heavens are used for Yahweh in the Old Covenant. and in the same sense in the New Covenant. It is a syn. Of the Kingdom of Yahweh.

4. (Wresting the scriptures again) (2 Corinthians 12:2) Paul was raptured to the third heaven and returned. This is called Paradise (2 corinthians12:4) which is applied to the state of the faithful souls between death and the resurrection where they are admitted to immediate communion with God in Christ, and to a partaking of the true Tree of Life which is in the midst of the paradise of God (Luke 22:43 and Revelation 2:7).

5. (More wresting) There is a final heaven which Hebrews 11:16 refers to as a better or heavenly country, in Hebrews 13:14 as a continuing city; and in Revelation 21:2 the holy city, new Jerusalem. It is the place where the believers are going to receive their inheritance which is incorruptible –

1 Peter 1:3-5, Matthew 6:19-21, 1 Corinthians 2:9, Colossians 3:2 and Revelation 21:1-5.

Strong’s #3770 – ouranios- heavenly host of angles, a heavenly vision and celestial and heavenly. Luke 2:13

Strong’s #2032 – epouranios – heavenly or celestial, what pertains to or is in heaven, the heavenly One. The meaning of this word is determined according to the various meanings of heaven, celestial bodies, the heavenlies, in heaven, the lower heavens, the sky or air. The Kingdom of Heaven. Things pertaining to the Kingdom of Yahweh.

Strong’s #3771 – ouranothen – heaven then add the suffix meaning from a place, from heaven.

Again, in this long definition, there is not clear reference that heaven is the reward of the saved and that we will be spending eternity with Yahweh in heaven. There are some verses that have been wrested to represent mainstream Protestant theology beliefs. This is called “proof-texting” or Replacement Theology. Let’s look at these few verses that are wrested and taken out of context to fit mainstream Protestant theology.

2 Corinthians 12:1 It is not expedient for me doubtless to glory. I will come to visions and revelations of Yahshua.

2 Corinthians 12:2 I knew a man in Messiah above fourteen years ago, (whether in the body, I cannot tell; or whether out of the body, I cannot tell: Yahweh knoweth;) such a one caught up to the third heaven.

2 Corinthians 12:3 And I knew such a man, (whether in the body, or out of the body, I cannot tell: Yahweh knoweth;)

2 Corinthians 12:4 How that he was caught up into paradise, and heard unspeakable words, which it is not lawful for a man to utter.

The context of these verses is a vision or revelation – not a literal resurrection to eternal life in heaven.

1 Thessalonians 4:16 For Yahshua himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of Yahweh: and the dead in Yahshua shall rise first:

1 Thessalonians 4:17 Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet Yahshua in the air: and so, shall we ever be with Yahshua.

These verses do not describe a rapture. They describe a resurrection (the first resurrection). The word rapture is not found in scripture. Verse 17 states we shall ever be with Yahshua. That is true, but where is Yahshua going to be and where are the resurrected saints going to be?

Revelation 20:4 And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them: and I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Yahshua, and for the word of Yahweh, and which had not worshiped the beast, neither his image, neither had received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and reigned with Messiah a thousand years.

Revelation 20:6 Blessed and set apart is he that hath part in the first resurrection: on such the second death hath no power, but they shall be priests of Yahweh and of Messiah and shall reign with him a thousand years.

Revelation 5:10 And hast made us unto our Elohim kings and priests: and we shall reign on the earth.

Revelation 2:25 But that which ye have already hold fast till I come.

Revelation 2:26 And he that overcometh, and keepeth my works unto the end, to him will I give power over the nations:

Revelation 2:27 And he shall rule them with a rod of iron; as the vessels of a potter shall they be broken to shivers: even as I received of my Father.

Psalm 37:9 For evildoers shall be cut off: but those that wait upon Yahweh, they shall inherit the earth.

Psalm 37:10 For yet a little while, and the wicked shall not be: yea, thou shalt diligently consider his place, and it shall not be.

Psalm 37:11 But the meek shall inherit the earth; and shall delight themselves in the abundance of peace.

Daniel 7:27 And the kingdom and dominion, and the greatness of the kingdom under the whole heaven, shall be given to the people of the saints of the Most High, whose kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey him.

These verses make it pretty clear that the destiny or reward of the “saved” is not a location called heaven, but rather a Kingdom located on earth.

Philippians 3:20 For our citizenship is in heaven; from where the Saviour for whom we are waiting will come, even the Master Yahshua Messiah: Philippians 3:21 By whom this poor body of ours will be changed into the image of the body of his glory, in the measure of the working by which he is able to put all things under himself.

Philippians 3:20 is used to say that our citizenship is in heaven and that is where we will be going. We are told to come out of the world that we are to be in it but not of it.

John 17:14 I have given your word to them; and they are hated by the world, because they are not of the world, even as I am not of the world.

John 17:15 My prayer is not that you will take them out of the world, but that you will keep them from the Evil One.

John 17:16 They are not of the world any more than I am of the world.

As expats, our citizenship is in the U.S. We are subject to the laws of the U.S. yet we do not reside there. Likewise, we are subject to the laws of His Government, yet we do not reside in heaven.

Mathew 6:10 Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven.

This shows that we are under the law and authority of Heaven, yet we live on earth.

Who is in heaven?

Revelation 19:1 And after these things I heard a great voice of much people in heaven, saying, Alleluia; Salvation, and glory, and honour, and power, unto the Yahweh our Elohim .

This is another poor translation. There are no people in heaven. The original Greek says multitude. This multitude is described in Heaven as:

Revelation 4:4 And round about the throne were four and twenty seats: and upon the seats I saw four and twenty elders sitting, clothed in white raiment; and they had on their head’s crowns of gold.

Revelation 4:5 And out of the throne proceeded lightnings and thunderings and voices: and there were seven lamps of fire burning before the throne, which are the seven Spirits of Yahweh.

Revelation 4:6 And before the throne there was a sea of glass like unto crystal: and in the midst of the throne, and round about the throne, were four beasts full of eyes before and behind.

Revelation 4:7 And the first beast was like a lion, and the second beast like a calf, and the third beast had a face as a man, and the fourth beast was like a flying eagle.

Revelation 4:8 And the four beasts had each of them six wings about him; and they were full of eyes within: and they rest not day and night, saying, Set Apart, Set Apart, Set Apart, Master Yahweh Almighty, which was, and is, and is to come.

Revelation 4:9 And when those beasts give glory and honour and thanks to Him that sat on the throne, who liveth for ever and ever,

Revelation 4:10 The four and twenty elders fall down before him that sat on the throne, and worship him that liveth forever and ever, and cast their crowns before the throne, saying,

Acts 7:55 But being full of the Holy Spirit, looking intently into the heaven, he saw the glory of Yahweh, and Yahshua standing at the right of Yahweh.

Acts 7:56 And he said, Behold, I see the heavens having been opened, and the Son of man standing at the right of Yahweh!

Mathew 18:10 See that you do not despise one of these little ones, for I tell you that their angels in heaven continually look on the face of My Father in Heaven.

There are many verses that talk about the multitude of angels that are in heaven. None of those verses ever say there are people in heaven, but just the opposite.

John 3:13 And no one has gone up into Heaven, except He having come down out of Heaven, the Son of Man who is in Heaven.

Acts 2:29 Men and brethren, let me freely speak unto you of the patriarch David, that he is both dead and buried, and his sepulcher is with us unto this day.

Acts 2:30 Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that Yahweh had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up Yahshua to sit on his throne;

Acts 2:31 He seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Yahshua, that his soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption.

The word “hell” here needs to be covered as a separate topic. The point is David is not in heaven – who was a man after Yahweh’s own heart!

The saved are not in Heaven. So, if the saved are not in heaven, where are they and what is their reward and where is their reward? The saved, like the sinners, are asleep until the resurrection – just as Yahshua was resurrected.

1 Thessalonians 4:13 But I would not have you to be ignorant, brethren, concerning them which are asleep, that ye sorrow not, even as others which have no hope.

1 Thessalonians 4:14 For if we believe that Yahshua died and rose again, even so them also which sleep in Yahshua will Elohim bring with him.

1 Thessalonians 4:15 For this we say unto you by the word of Yahweh, that we which are alive and remain unto the coming of Yahshua not prevent them which are asleep.

1 Corinthians 11:30 For this cause many are weak and sickly among you, and many sleep.

Sleep – Strong’s #2837 means dead.

John 11:11 These things said he: and after that he saith unto them, Our friend Lazarus sleepeth; but I go, that I may awake him out of sleep.

John 11:12 Then said his disciples, Master, if he sleeps, he shall do well.

John 11:13 Howbeit Yahshua spake of his death: but they thought that he had spoken of taking of rest in sleep.

John 11:14 Then said Yahshua unto them plainly, Lazarus is dead.

Ecclesiastes 9:5 For the living know that they shall die: but the dead know not anything, neither have they any more a reward; for the memory of them is forgotten.

They know nothing while they are dead until they are awoken at the resurrection.

The reward of the saved is Eternal Life in the Kingdom of Yahweh. This is the true message that Yahshua taught – not going to heaven. We have already covered Revelation.20:4,6 Revelation 2:25-27, Revelation 5:10, Psalm 37:11 all showing the saints will rule and rein with Yahshua on the earth for 1000 years.

So, let’s look at a few more scriptures talking about our reward and millennial rule. When Yahshua returns to the earth, it is to rule over the nations of the earth as King of Kings!

Revelation 11:15 And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, the kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of Yahweh, and of His Messiah; and he shall reign forever and ever.

Micah 4:1 But in the last days it shall come to pass, that the mountain of the house of the Yahweh shall be established in the top of the mountains, and it shall be exalted above the hills; and people shall flow unto it.

Micah 4:2 And many nations shall come, and say, Come, and let us go up to the mountain of Yahweh, and to the house of the Elohim of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for the law shall go forth of Zion, and the word of Yahweh from Jerusalem.

Micah 4:3 And he shall judge among many people, and rebuke strong nations afar off; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up a sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.

Micah 4:4 But they shall sit every man under his vine and under his fig tree; and none shall make them afraid: for the mouth of Yahweh of hosts hath spoken it.

Micah 4:5 For all people will walk everyone in the name of his Elohim , and we will walk in the name of Yahweh our Elohim forever and ever.

Micah 4:6 In that day, saith Yahweh, will I assemble her that halteth, and I will gather her that is driven out, and her that I have afflicted;

Micah 4:7 And I will make her that halted a remnant, and her that was cast far off a strong nation: and Yahshua shall reign over them in mount Zion from henceforth, even forever.

Zechariah 14:4 And his feet shall stand in that day upon the mount of Olives, which is before Jerusalem on the east, and the mount of Olives shall cleave in the midst thereof toward the east and toward the west, and there shall be a very great valley; and half of the mountain shall remove toward the north, and half of it toward the south.

Zechariah 14:8 And it shall be in that day, that living waters shall go out from Jerusalem; half of them toward the former sea, and half of them toward the hinder sea: in summer and in winter shall it be.

Zechariah 14:9 And Yahweh shall be king over all the earth: in that day shall there be one Master, and his name one.

Zechariah 14:16 And it shall come to pass, that every one that is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall even go up from year to year to worship the King, Yahweh of hosts, and to keep the feast of tabernacles.

Zechariah 14:17 And it shall be, that whoso will not come up of all the families of the earth unto Jerusalem to worship the King, Yahweh of hosts, even upon them shall be no rain.

Zechariah 14:18 And if the family of Egypt go not up, and come not, that have no rain; there shall be the plague, wherewith Yahweh will smite the heathen that come not up to keep the feast of tabernacles.

Zechariah 14:19 This shall be the punishment of Egypt, and the punishment of all nations that come not up to keep the feast of tabernacles.

There are many prophetic millennial scriptures that plainly show Yahshua is going to rule on the earth with the saints and that the whole world will be keeping the Sabbath and the Holy Days.

Next time we will cover “is there an ever-burning hell. What and where is hell. Lazarus and the Rich Man, and Will we be spirit or physical in the Kingdom?